Carry out a needs assessment
Should be based on reality, we must list what are the needs of our family, as well as the resources that are counted to address them. Once establishing what is needed, we will proceed to develop a realistic action plan of what each family can contribute, as well as find the means and people to facilitate the process.
Make family agreements
When your relative begins to become dependent, it is necessary to reach family agreements regarding the responsibilities that each child will take. It is common that there are disagreements and frictions. The recommendation is to establish a family meeting to talk openly about the expectations, possibilities and responsibilities that each of the members must meet in order to strengthen family ties.
If it is difficult to reach these agreements we recommend you to go with a professional who can guide them to make the process of adaptation and change in family dynamics positive and constructive.
Gather a good team of professionals to support you
Generally, an older adult presents diverse pathologies, the most advisable thing is to have a Geriatrist who can guide them as a family in the care and treatment of their family member.
If you require personalized assistance and support to carry out activities of daily living, consider the option of hiring an assistance service for seniors in your home, in case you require advanced medical care contact a nursing service.
Establish a daily routine for your family member
It is advisable to have a schedule for each activity during the day, from breakfast, personal hygiene, recreational activities, social, among others, so that our family is used to perform them without problems. Having a structured routine helps keep your activities in order making our family member feel safe, as well as encouraging the older person to keep their sleep and wake schedules; and this always active physically and mentally.
Establish a security plan
In an older adult the risks of accidents increase as their senses begin to decrease, we recommend making a list of some risk factors and take action in this regard.
One of the dangers that older adults face continuously are falls. To prevent this from happening, you need to review your family’s living space and remove obstacles, rugs, and fragile tables where you can trip over them. Changes must also be made in certain critical areas such as the bathroom, where bars must be installed to support themselves and place non-skid mats. It is essential to have good lighting and free spaces to be able to circulate easily.
If your family member has cognitive impairment, you should plan to leave the home and get lost in the surroundings. For this, we recommend keeping the door locked and provide identification that can be worn all day.
Keep a record of medications
It is common for the elderly to consume several medications and may become confused and double their dose, on the other hand, there is a tendency towards self-medication, this is very dangerous and, therefore, it is necessary for you, as a family member, to take control of the situation. We recommend that you keep a daily record of each medication in a notebook or logbook and use controlled pillboxes.
Establish a food plan
In old age there is a tendency to consume less food and these are of a single type. It is recommended to take a balanced diet to prevent any health problems in addition to helping your family to strengthen physically and mentally.
Help him stay physically and cognitively active
We must prevent immobility and memory disorders. We can promote the activity with a simple daily walk, hobbies or activities within the home that motivate your family member to continue with an active and healthy life.
Memory tends to fade with age, which is why we must help you to have tools to stimulate your mind such as: puzzles, riddles, word searches, crossword puzzles, among others. Let’s always be aware that you can learn new things every day.
Help him to stay socially connected
It is important to promote socialization with our family members and allow interaction not only with the family but with close circles of friends. This will help them to continue living a quality life and will give them the opportunity to establish new goals, new interests and lifestyles in order to feel fulfilled.
Give affection, attention and details
After all, the most important thing is the love and love we can give our family member. Maybe there will be material needs that are difficult to cover, but the time, the details and the affection that we give them every day will make them feel happy and loved no matter the conditions in which they find themselves.